Slimming Asterisk 1.6.2 setup under Debian

This is more just more to show little how I have configured my Asterisk set up and slimmed it down to use the minimal modules needed.

My Needs
– SIP calls between my IP phone and Softphone
– Incoming/Outgoing calls through a SIP Provider
– Echo test to make sure audio is working
– Music On Hold (moh)
– Date and Time

Hardware Setup
– 12V fanless Mini ITX @ 533MHz (VIA Samuel 2) & 512MB RAM
– 10/100 Switch + WiFi AP
– Nortel 2002 IP Phone (NTDU91)
– Softphones

Not needed conf files have been moved to backup/ directory
ls -lh /etc/asterisk/

-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 3.2K Feb 16 01:21 asterisk.adsi
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  247 Feb 16 00:50 asterisk.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 asterisk asterisk 4.0K Feb 16 01:19 backup
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  13K Feb 16 01:21 extensions.ael
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  935 Feb 16 15:12 extensions.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 5.3K Feb 16 01:21 extensions.lua
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 5.2K Feb 16 00:57 features.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  25K Feb 16 13:38 indications.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 2.2K Feb 16 00:57 logger.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  363 Feb 16 15:18 manager.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 asterisk asterisk 4.0K Jan 24 19:43 manager.d
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  807 Feb 16 14:51 modules.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 2.8K Feb 16 22:48 musiconhold.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk  496 Feb 16 00:55 rtp.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 1.1K Feb 16 14:37 sip.conf
-rw-r----- 1 asterisk asterisk 4.9K Feb 16 23:15 unistim.conf


autoload=no                                     ; only load explicitely declared modules

load =>                             ; echo application
load =>                           ; ulaw codec for voice
load =>
load =>                           ; reading and loading configuration
load =>                             ; SIP protocol
load => chan_unistim                            ; IP Phone Nortel
load =>                             ; Dial application

; Say date and time
load =>

; Music On Hold
load =>
load =>


Note: the order the Music On Hold modules are loaded, the format before the resource.


; Incoming calls from [sip-provider] to Asterisk are directed to the extension
; 101 the IP Phone
exten => [sip-provider],1,Dial(USTM/101@i2002,30)
exten => [sip-provider],2,Congestion
exten => [sip-provider],102,Busy

; Send all outbound calls with prefix 9 via [sip-provider]. Strip the prefix 9
; before sending call to [sip-provider] SIP proxy
exten => _9.,1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN:1}@[sip-provider],30)
exten => _9.,2,Congestion
exten => _9.,102,Busy

; echo test
exten => 600,1,Answer()
exten => 600,n,Wait(1)
exten => 600,n,Echo

; Answer required as Music On Hold does not answer the call for testing
exten => 601,1,Answer
exten => 601,2,MusicOnHold()

; Say date and time
exten => 602,1,Answer
exten => 602,2,SayUnixTime()

exten => _1XX,1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN},30)
exten => _1XX,2,Congestion
exten => _1XX,102,Busy

include => apps
include => local
include => from-trunk
include => to-trunk


; This section is how we are logging into our VoIP provider

; This section is how outbound calls are handle to our
; VoIP provider and the codecs we want to use etc.

; This section is for how we connect to our VoIP provider for
; inbound calls.

callerid="Laptop" <102>

callerid="HTC Desire" <103>


; chan_unistim configuration file.

port=5000                    ; UDP port
; See qos.tex or Quality of Service section of asterisk.pdf for a description of these parameters.
;tos=cs3                ; Sets TOS for signaling packets.
;tos_audio=ef           ; Sets TOS for RTP audio packets.
;cos=3                  ; Sets 802.1p priority for signaling packets.
;cos_audio=5            ; Sets 802.1p priority for RTP audio packets.
;keepalive=120               ; in seconds, default = 120
;public_ip=                  ; if asterisk is behind a nat, specify your public IP
;autoprovisioning=no         ; Allow undeclared phones to register an extension. See README for important
                             ; informations. no (default), yes, tn.
;------------------------------ JITTER BUFFER CONFIGURATION --------------------------
; jbenable = yes              ; Enables the use of a jitterbuffer on the receiving side of a
                              ; SIP channel. Defaults to "no". An enabled jitterbuffer will
                              ; be used only if the sending side can create and the receiving
                              ; side can not accept jitter. The SIP channel can accept jitter,
                              ; thus a jitterbuffer on the receive SIP side will be used only
                              ; if it is forced and enabled.

; jbforce = no                ; Forces the use of a jitterbuffer on the receive side of a SIP
                              ; channel. Defaults to "no".

; jbmaxsize = 200             ; Max length of the jitterbuffer in milliseconds.

; jbresyncthreshold = 1000    ; Jump in the frame timestamps over which the jitterbuffer is
                              ; resynchronized. Useful to improve the quality of the voice, with
                              ; big jumps in/broken timestamps, usually sent from exotic devices
                              ; and programs. Defaults to 1000.

; jbimpl = fixed              ; Jitterbuffer implementation, used on the receiving side of a SIP
                              ; channel. Two implementations are currently available - "fixed"
                              ; (with size always equals to jbmaxsize) and "adaptive" (with
                              ; variable size, actually the new jb of IAX2). Defaults to fixed.

; jblog = no                  ; Enables jitterbuffer frame logging. Defaults to "no".

[i2002]                           ; name of the device
device=001122aabbcc               ; mac address of the phone
rtp_port=10000                    ; RTP port used by the phone, default = 10000. RTCP = rtp_port+1
rtp_method=3                      ; If you don't have sound, you can try 1, 2 or 3, default = 0
status_method=0                   ; If you don't see status text, try 1, default = 0
titledefault=Asterisk             ; default = "TimeZone (your time zone)". 12 characters max
;maintext0="you can insert"       ; default = "Welcome", 24 characters max
;maintext1="a custom text"        ; default = the name of the device, 24 characters max
;maintext2="(main page)"          ; default = the public IP of the phone, 24 characters max
dateformat=1                      ; 0 = month/day, 1 (default) = day/month
timeformat=2                      ; 0 = 0:00am ; 1 (default) = 0h00, 2 = 0:00
contrast=5                        ; define the contrast of the LCD. From 0 to 15. Default = 8
country=au                        ; country (ccTLD) for dial tone frequency. See README, default = us
ringvolume=3                      ; ring volume : 0,1,2,3, can be overrided by Dial(), default = 2
ringstyle=2                       ; ring style : 0 to 7, can be overrided by Dial(), default = 3
callhistory=1                     ; 0 = disable, 1 = enable call history, default = 1
callerid="Nortel IP Phone" <101>
context=default                   ; context, default="default"
mailbox=101                       ; Specify the mailbox number. Used by Message Waiting Indication
linelabel="101"                   ; Softkey label for the next line=> entry, 9 char max.
extension=line                    ; Add an extension into the dialplan. Only valid in context specified previously.
                                  ; none=don't add (default), ask=prompt user, line=use the line number
line => 100                       ; Only one line by device is currently supported.
                                  ; Beware ! only bookmark and softkey entries are allowed after line=>
bookmark=3@VoiceMail.@9121        ; Use a softkey to dial 123. Name : 9 char max
bookmark=Time@602                 ; 54 shows a mailbox icon. See #define FAV_ICON_ for other values (32 to 63)
;bookmark=Test@*@USTM/violet      ; Display an icon if violet is connected (dynamic), only for unistim device
bookmark=4@Acc. Bal.@9151         ; Display a pager icon and dial 54321 when softkey 4 is pressed

And the rest of the conf files are basically default configuration

> module show
Module                         Description                              Use Count                    Simple Echo Application                  0                  mu-Law Coder/Decoder                     0                   GSM Coder/Decoder                        0                  Text Extension Configuration             0                    Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)        0                UNISTIM Protocol (USTM)                  0                    Dialing Application                      0             Say time                                 0                  Raw GSM data                             0             Music On Hold Resource                   0         
10 modules loaded
> core show applications
    -= Registered Asterisk Applications =-
                Answer: Answer a channel if ringing. 
            BackGround: Play an audio file while waiting for digits of an extension to go to. 
                Bridge: Bridge two channels. 
                  Busy: Indicate the Busy condition. 
            Congestion: Indicate the Congestion condition. 
              DateTime: Says a specified time in a custom format. 
                  Dial: Attempt to connect to another device or endpoint and bridge the call. 
                  Echo: Echo audio, video, DTMF back to the calling party 
            ExecIfTime: Conditional application execution based on the current time. 
                  Goto: Jump to a particular priority, extension, or context. 
                GotoIf: Conditional goto. 
            GotoIfTime: Conditional Goto based on the current time. 
                Hangup: Hang up the calling channel. 
             ImportVar: Import a variable from a channel into a new variable. 
            Incomplete: Returns AST_PBX_INCOMPLETE value. 
                  MSet: Set channel variable(s) or function value(s). 
           MusicOnHold: Play Music On Hold indefinitely
                  NoOp: Do Nothing (No Operation). 
                  Park: Park yourself. 
            ParkedCall: Answer a parked call. 
            Proceeding: Indicate proceeding. 
              Progress: Indicate progress. 
        RaiseException: Handle an exceptional condition. 
              ResetCDR: Resets the Call Data Record. 
             RetryDial: Place a call, retrying on failure allowing an optional exit extension. 
               Ringing: Indicate ringing tone. 
              SayAlpha: Say Alpha. 
             SayDigits: Say Digits. 
             SayNumber: Say Number. 
           SayPhonetic: Say Phonetic. 
           SayUnixTime: Says a specified time in a custom format. 
                   Set: Set channel variable or function value. 
           SetAMAFlags: Set the AMA Flags. 
        SetMusicOnHold: Set default Music On Hold class
          SIPAddHeader: Add a SIP header to the outbound call. 
           SIPDtmfMode: Change the dtmfmode for a SIP call. 
       SIPRemoveHeader: Remove SIP headers previously added with SIPAddHeader 
      StartMusicOnHold: Play Music On Hold
       StopMusicOnHold: Stop Playing Music On Hold
                  Wait: Waits for some time. 
             WaitExten: Waits for an extension to be entered. 
       WaitMusicOnHold: Wait, playing Music On Hold
    -= 42 Applications Registered =-
> core show functions
Installed Custom Functions:
CHECKSIPDOMAIN        CHECKSIPDOMAIN(domain)               Checks if domain is a local domain. 
EXCEPTION             EXCEPTION(field)                     Retrieve the details of the current dialplan exception. 
SIP_HEADER            SIP_HEADER(name[,number])            Gets the specified SIP header. 
SIPCHANINFO           SIPCHANINFO(item)                    Gets the specified SIP parameter from the current channel. 
SIPPEER               SIPPEER(peername[,item])             Gets SIP peer information. 
5 custom functions installed.

Hopefully this is little help to get started with your own Asterisk setup 🙂


Comments (2)

  1. 23:47, Sunday, February 20, 2011Scott  / Reply

    Just curious, are you using this to connect to nodephone ?

  2. 0:43, Monday, February 21, 2011Dale  / Reply

    Scott :

    Just curious, are you using this to connect to nodephone ?

    No. I am not, but it would not be that hard to alter for NodePhone though.

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